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Tuesday, May 8, 2012

Facts About Tsunami



1)   "Harbour wave" is the meaning of the word "Tsunami".

2)   Underwater earthquake, volcanic eruption or landslide will cause Tsunami.

3)   Tsunami will have a speed of 950kph.

4)   Tsunami can go up-to 524 meters high.

5)   Scientists will calculate the time of arrival of tsunami based on distances from one place to another, depth of the water or the time of the earthquake or other event occurred.

6)   Hawaii, Oregon, Washington, Alaska and California will get about one tsunami per year. In which major damages every seven year.

7)   Tsunami's are frequently happening in Japan, till now 200 are recorded.

8)   Tsunami happened in Indian Ocean on 2004 had an effect of 23,000 atomic bombs. The death count was 283,000.

9)   Tsunami waves will have 60 miles longer.  These waves can have the capability of crossing entire oceans without loosing its energy.

10) Nuclear explosions will cause tsunami. But, during many testing, nothing caused tsunami. For safer side, such testing was banned my international treaty.

Friday, May 4, 2012

Facts About Thunder and Lightning


1)   Cumulonimbus cloud, which is nothing but an extremely dense, vertically developed charged with electricity causes Thunderstorm and lightning.

2)   The upper portion is positively charged and the middle and lower portions are charged negatively. Discharges takes place between clouds when electricity voltage is large causes lightning.

3)   Rumbles(long rolling sound) of thunder occurs when the electric current in the lightning discharge produces a large amount of heat. This results in the rapid expansion of the local air.

4)   Lighting will have an high impact where Thunder won't do. Hence, it is pretty important to be aware of lightning instead of thunder.

5)   1,800 thunderstorms are taking place all around the world at any time. Which means 16 million a year.

6)   Thunderstorms generates lightening always away from the raining areas.

7)   It will be predicted that lightning and thunder occur at the same time. However,  light travels much faster than sound, owing to this, people usually feel lightning before thunder.

8)   By having the time difference between flash and thunder, the distance of the thunderstorm can be calculated.

9)   During spring and summer months, thunderstorms will occur.

10) Sea breezes, mountains can help in lifting the air to generate thunderstorms.

Friday, April 27, 2012

Facts About KFC


1)  "Kentucky Fried Chicken" is abbreviated to KFC. KFC burgers uses "Pepperidge Farm buns".

2)  The first "KFC" restaurant is opened in 1930, which is 1700 miles distance from Corbin, Kentucky.

3)  The owner of KFC is Colonel Sanders, and he was a gas station manager, his original name was Harland Sanders.

4)  The old man symbol in the KFC bucket is Harland Sanders.

5)  KFC owner opened his restaurant in front of the gas station, which is first his first one and where he worked.

6)  8 million KFC's are consumed by people per day in US alone.

7)  In 1952, Harland, sold franchise of KFC to Peter Harman. He will get 1 nickel for each chicken sold out.

8)  Around 80 countries, KFC franchise is opened.

9)  KFC decided to keep the original recipe in 2007, but cooked the chicken in different types of oils, hence trans fat was removed.

10) KFC joined with PepsiCo's YUM! Brands later.  5 chain restaurants that the YUM brands has including KFC, Long John Silvers, Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, and A&W All American Food.

Monday, April 16, 2012

Facts About Earthquake


1)  Earthquake occurs when breaking and shifting of rocks beneath the Earth's surface.

2)  Earthquake is also known as movements of plates below the earth's crust.

3)  When the Earth's plates moves, the rocks in the crust gets pushed and pulled. During this process,  the friction will hold the rocks in place for years and years and when they can't take it anymore, the rocks will suddenly get cracks and shifts. This movement releases waves of energy called an earthquake.

4)  Sensitive instruments, around the world detected 500,000 earthquakes since..

5)  In which, 100,000 earthquakes are felt and 100 earthquakes could cause damage each year.

6)  The largest magnitude recorder ever is 9.5 in Chile on 1960, May 22.

7)  Due to volcanic activity, around 80 percent of the earthquakes occurs in rim of the Pacific Ocean, which is called the "Ring of Fire".

8)  The world deadliest earthquake occurred in Jan 23, 1556 in Shansi, China. 830,000 people were died approximately.

9)  Moment Magnitude Scale and Richter Magnitude Scale are used to estimate the amount of energy produced during any earthquake.

10) Study of earthquakes are called Seismology.  The instrument that detects, records and measures the vibrations created by an earthquake is Seismograph.

Wednesday, April 11, 2012

Facts About Eiffel Tower



1)   Gustave Eiffel is a designer, engineer who designed Eiffel Tower. Eiffel tower got its name from him only. 

2)   Eiffel tower has elevator int it, hence people on wheelchair could also visit it.


3)   Painting process will be done every 7 years with 3 shades of brown and the darkest shade will be at bottom.

4)   The work of Eiffel Tower started on Jan 26, 1887 and was completed on Mar 31, 1889.

5)   The Eiffel Tower has two restaurants on first and second floor. Its height is measured as 24 m, which is 79 ft.

6)   The Eiffel Tower will be six inches taller in summer than winter. This is due to the fact that steel gets contracts when it is cold and expands when it is hot.

7)   Previously the pieces were assembled in factory with bolts, and then replaced one by one with heated rivets as it will contract during cooling creating very tight fit.

8)   72 prominent French scientists names are affixed on the sides of Eiffel Tower just under the first platform, with 18 names per side.

9)   There are 1665 steps in the Eiffel Tower. As per the statistics, Eiffel Tower is the fifth-tallest construction in France.

10) You can use the steps available till the second platform, and the third platform is accessible only with elevators.


Monday, April 9, 2012

Facts About Ozone Layer Hole


 
1)  Ozone (03) is basically highly reactive and colorless gas. Each molecule of ozone layer is made up of three oxygen atoms.

2)  In the middle of 1980's, ozone layer above the Antarctic, was particularly impacted by pollution.

3)  Scientists identified in the year 1985, that there is a thinning of the ozone layer in Antartica.

4)  It is now commonly known as the depletion or ozone hole. The ozone layer over Antarctica forms each spring and lasts for 6 weeks approximately.

5)  Ozone is demolished mainly by chlorine(CL) based compounds like chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), chlorinated solvents like carbon tetrachloride, as well as fire-extinguishing chemicals and halons.

6)  It was estimated that 1 chlorine atom could destroy 1,00,000 ozone molecules. Halons emits bromine(BR) atoms, which even more possibility of destroying ozone.

7)  Chlorine formed from swimming pools, industrial plants, sea salt, and volcanoes does not goes up to stratosphere as they combined with water, which causes no effect.

8)  Above atmosphere, the three-oxygen-atom of ozone forms the ozone layer, which helps in shielding the life of the earth from the sun's UV (ultraviolet) radiations.

9)  About 90% of CFC's are emitted by industrialized countries in the parts of Northern Hemisphere, which included United States and Europe.

10) Without the protective layer of ozone of stratosphere, UV radiation will cause numerous health problems like skin cancers and immune suppression in humans.

Thursday, April 5, 2012

Facts About Antarctica Melting Ice



1)   In Antarctica, if all the ice are melted, then the sea levels of the world would rise about sixty one  meters which is 200 feet.

2)   The main ice in Antarctica covered landmass of 90% of the world at the South Pole and 70% of its fresh water.

3)   The specific region has been continuously warming over past 30 years. Antarctic Peninsula, in particular, one of the fastest warming place on our planet.

4)   As per U.S.Environmental Protection Agency(EPA), the sea level increased from 6 to 8 inches, which is 15 to 20 cm in the past 100 years, due to the melting of Antarctica ice.

5)   The West Antarctic Ice Sheet, is about the size of Greenland, which contains 10 % of all the ice in Antarctica.

6)   The research for 40 years of satellite images of West Antarctic ice, which have been noticed that there is a rapid ice loss for the past few decades.

7)   The positive information which we have is that the average temperature around Antarctica is -37°C, hence there is no danger of melting ice.

8)   Data collected from space by NASA's Grace satellite shows that the Antarctica is losing more than a 100 cubic km (24 cubic miles) of ice each year from 2002.

9)   We have a question that how that's possible for surface melting to decrease, but for the continent to lose mass anymore? The answer for this is the fact that the ice could flow without melting.

10) In the year 1995, the Inter governmental Panel on Climate Change declared a report that the sea level is increasing by 20 inches. 20 inches is not a smallest amount, it could have a big impact on coastal cities during storms.